THE CROSSROADS OF THE MIDWEST
York County Court
The County Court handles traffic, criminal, civil, small claims, probate guardianship/conservatorship, juvenile and adoption cases. Marriages are also performed by the Clerk Magistrate or Judge.
The jurisdiction of the county court is established by state law which provides for exclusive original jurisdiction in probate matters, actions based on a violation of a city or village ordinance, juvenile court matters without a separate juvenile court, adoptions, preliminary hearings in felony cases, and eminent domain proceedings. The county courts have concurrent jurisdiction in civil matters when the amount in controversy is $52,000 or less, criminal matters classified as misdemeanors or infractions, some domestic relations matters, and paternity actions. County judges also hear all small claims matters filed within the court system. County judges in all counties except Lancaster, Douglas and Sarpy have the same duties as judges of separate juvenile courts.
Most legal matters filed in Nebraska state courts are classified as being civil or criminal in nature.
Civil cases are disputes between private citizens, corporations, governmental bodies, or other organizations. Civil cases may involve property or personal rights. The following are common examples of civil cases:
*Landlord and Tenant Disputes
*Auto or Personal Accidents
*Breach of Warranty and Consumer Goods
*Professional Liability Suits
In a civil action, the party bringing the action (plaintiff) must prove his or her case by presenting evidence that is more convincing to the trier of fact (judge or jury) than the evidence of the opposing party (defendant).
Criminal cases are brought by the state against individuals or groups of individuals accused of committing a crime. The state initiates charges because crimes are considered acts against all of society.
The prosecuting attorney files the charge against the accused person (defendant) on behalf of the state (plaintiff). The prosecution must prove to the judge or jury that the defendant is guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
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